Trichology is the science that studies the hair and the scalp, in charge of diagnosing and treating the alterations that occur in it.
It also identifies if there are problems with oily dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or inflammation of the hair follicles that may be causing the loss of density or hair loss.
Its purpose is to restore capillary health and aesthetics, for which it carries out a previous diagnosis that consists of the following steps:
Hair loss, also called alopecia, can occur anywhere on the body. If it occurs on the scalp, it is called baldness. It is a disease that affects the hair follicles (those tiny cavities through which hair grows).
Although hair loss is common, excessive hair loss could be a reflection or symptom of an underlying disease. Among the leading causes of alopecia are:
Dandruff, also known as pityriasis, is the peeling of the dermis of the scalp. It appears when there is an excess of dead cells, which does not allow the process of cell renewal due to their accumulation.
Dandruff produces a bothersome situation from the aesthetic and well-being point of view for those who suffer from it since a sensation of itching usually accompanies it.
The most common types of dandruff are:
La seborrea es una alteración de la función de las glándulas sebáceas en la que aumenta la secreción de grasa que producen. Seborrhea is an alteration in the function of the sebaceous glands in which the secretion of fat they produce increases. In addition to being inconvenient for those who suffer from it, seborrhea can lead to other problems such as infections and fungi.
Some common causes of oily hair are:
Dry hair denotes a lack of hydration of the scalp, which causes its protective layer to deteriorate. This condition makes it easier for harmful substances to penetrate the skin, leading to micro-inflammation, itching, and redness on the scalp.
Here are some of the leading causes of dry hair:
Split or angled ends, dry hair, lack of shine, and roughness result from accumulated damage over time, mainly due to external factors.
When the hair cuticle is damaged, it leaves the inner layer and its cells exposed, resulting in highly brittle strands.
There are many reasons why hair can be severely damaged. However, the most common are:
Dermatologist and specialist in Dermatological Surgery, with more than 11 years of experience. Since 2009 she has taught different classes at institutions such as the UNAM School of Medicine and the Autonomous University of Baja California. Dr. Daniela’s passion and experience led her to create the Mexican Trichology Association in 2016.
She has collaborated with different associations and clinics in Dermatology and Topographic Anatomy. Furthermore, she has served as a high-grade professor specializing in Oncological Surgery.
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